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ft890.c

/*
 * hamlib - (C) Frank Singleton 2000 (javabear at users.sourceforge.net)
 *
 * ft890.c - (C) Frank Singleton 2000 (javabear at users.sourceforge.net)
 *           (C) Stephane Fillod 2002-2005 (fillods at users.sourceforge.net)
 *           (C) Nate Bargmann 2002, 2003 (n0nb at arrl.net)
 *
 * This shared library provides an API for communicating
 * via serial interface to an FT-890 using the "CAT" interface
 *
 *
 * $Id: ft890.c,v 1.11 2008-10-28 05:22:38 y32kn Exp $
 *
 *
 *  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 *  version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307  USA
 *
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>  /* String function definitions */
#include <unistd.h>  /* UNIX standard function definitions */

#include "hamlib/rig.h"
#include "bandplan.h"
#include "serial.h"
#include "misc.h"
#include "yaesu.h"
#include "ft890.h"


/*
 * Functions considered to be Beta code (2003-04-11):
 * set_freq
 * get_freq
 * set_mode
 * get_mode
 * set_vfo
 * get_vfo
 * set_ptt
 * get_ptt
 * set_split
 * get_split
 * set_rit
 * get_rit
 * set_func
 * get_func
 * get_level
 *
 * Functions considered to be Alpha code (2003-04-11):
 * vfo_op
 *
 * functions not yet implemented (2003-04-11):
 * set_split_freq
 * get_split_freq
 * set_split_mode
 * get_split_mode
 *
 */


/* Private helper function prototypes */

static int ft890_get_update_data(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci, unsigned char rl);

static int ft890_send_static_cmd(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci);

static int ft890_send_dynamic_cmd(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci,
                                  unsigned char p1, unsigned char p2,
                                  unsigned char p3, unsigned char p4);

static int ft890_send_dial_freq(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci, freq_t freq);

static int ft890_send_rit_freq(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci, shortfreq_t rit);


/*
 * Native ft890 cmd set prototypes. These are READ ONLY as each
 * rig instance will copy from these and modify if required.
 * Complete sequences (1) can be read and used directly as a cmd sequence.
 * Incomplete sequences (0) must be completed with extra parameters
 * eg: mem number, or freq etc..
 *
 * TODO: Shorten this static array with parameter substitution -N0NB
 *
 */

static const yaesu_cmd_set_t ncmd[] = {
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01 } }, /* split = off */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01 } }, /* split = on */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02 } }, /* recall memory */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x03 } }, /* memory operations */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x05 } }, /* select vfo A */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x05 } }, /* select vfo B */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06 } }, /* copy memory data to vfo A */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x09 } }, /* clarifier operations */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0a } }, /* set display freq */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0c } }, /* mode set */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0e } }, /* update interval/pacing */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0f } }, /* PTT off */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x0f } }, /* PTT on */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x10 } }, /* Status Update Data--Memory Channel Number (1 byte) */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x10 } }, /* Status Update Data--Current operating data for VFO/Memory (19 bytes) */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x03, 0x10 } }, /* Status Update DATA--VFO A and B Data (18 bytes) */
  { 0, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x10 } }, /* Status Update Data--Memory Channel Data (19 bytes) P4 = 0x01-0x20 Memory Channel Number */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x81 } }, /* tuner off */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x81 } }, /* tuner on */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x82 } }, /* tuner start*/
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xf7 } }, /* Read meter, S on RX, ALC|PO|SWR on TX */
  { 1, { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xfa } }, /* Read status flags */

};


/*
 * future - private data
 *
 * FIXME: Does this need to be exposed to the application/frontend through
 * ft890_caps.priv? -N0NB
 */

struct ft890_priv_data {
  unsigned char pacing;                     /* pacing value */
  unsigned int read_update_delay;           /* depends on pacing value */
  vfo_t current_vfo;                        /* active VFO from last cmd */
  unsigned char p_cmd[YAESU_CMD_LENGTH];    /* private copy of 1 constructed CAT cmd */
  yaesu_cmd_set_t pcs[FT890_NATIVE_SIZE];   /* private cmd set */
  unsigned char update_data[FT890_ALL_DATA_LENGTH]; /* returned data--max value, some are less */
  unsigned char current_mem;                   /* private memory channel number */
};

/*
 * ft890 rigs capabilities.
 * Also this struct is READONLY!
 *
 */

const struct rig_caps ft890_caps = {
  .rig_model =          RIG_MODEL_FT890,
  .model_name =         "FT-890",
  .mfg_name =           "Yaesu",
  .version =            "0.1",
  .copyright =          "LGPL",
  .status =             RIG_STATUS_STABLE,
  .rig_type =           RIG_TYPE_TRANSCEIVER,
  .ptt_type =           RIG_PTT_RIG,
  .dcd_type =           RIG_DCD_NONE,
  .port_type =          RIG_PORT_SERIAL,
  .serial_rate_min =    4800,
  .serial_rate_max =    4800,
  .serial_data_bits =   8,
  .serial_stop_bits =   2,
  .serial_parity =      RIG_PARITY_NONE,
  .serial_handshake =   RIG_HANDSHAKE_NONE,
  .write_delay =        FT890_WRITE_DELAY,
  .post_write_delay =   FT890_POST_WRITE_DELAY,
  .timeout =            2000,
  .retry =              0,
  .has_get_func =       RIG_FUNC_TUNER,
  .has_set_func =       RIG_FUNC_TUNER,
  .has_get_level =      RIG_LEVEL_STRENGTH,
  .has_set_level =      RIG_LEVEL_NONE,
  .has_get_parm =       RIG_PARM_NONE,
  .has_set_parm =       RIG_PARM_NONE,
  .ctcss_list =         NULL,
  .dcs_list =           NULL,
  .preamp =             { RIG_DBLST_END, },
  .attenuator =         { RIG_DBLST_END, },
  .max_rit =            Hz(9999),
  .max_xit =            Hz(0),
  .max_ifshift =        Hz(0),
  .vfo_ops =            RIG_OP_TUNE,
  .targetable_vfo =     RIG_TARGETABLE_ALL,
  .transceive =         RIG_TRN_OFF,        /* Yaesus have to be polled, sigh */
  .bank_qty =           0,
  .chan_desc_sz =       0,
  .chan_list =          { RIG_CHAN_END, },  /* FIXME: memory channel list: 32 */

  .rx_range_list1 =     {
    {kHz(100), MHz(30), FT890_ALL_RX_MODES, -1, -1, FT890_VFO_ALL, FT890_ANTS},   /* General coverage + ham */
    RIG_FRNG_END,
  }, /* FIXME:  Are these the correct Region 1 values? */

  .tx_range_list1 =     {
      FRQ_RNG_HF(1, FT890_OTHER_TX_MODES, W(5), W(100), FT890_VFO_ALL, FT890_ANTS),
      FRQ_RNG_HF(1, FT890_AM_TX_MODES, W(2), W(25), FT890_VFO_ALL, FT890_ANTS),     /* AM class */

    RIG_FRNG_END,
  },

  .rx_range_list2 =     {
    {kHz(100), MHz(30), FT890_ALL_RX_MODES, -1, -1, FT890_VFO_ALL, FT890_ANTS},
    RIG_FRNG_END,
  },

  .tx_range_list2 =     {
      FRQ_RNG_HF(2, FT890_OTHER_TX_MODES, W(5), W(100), FT890_VFO_ALL, FT890_ANTS),
      FRQ_RNG_HF(2, FT890_AM_TX_MODES, W(2), W(25), FT890_VFO_ALL, FT890_ANTS),     /* AM class */

    RIG_FRNG_END,
  },

  .tuning_steps =       {
    {FT890_SSB_CW_RX_MODES, Hz(10)},    /* Normal */
    {FT890_SSB_CW_RX_MODES, Hz(100)},   /* Fast */

    {FT890_AM_RX_MODES,     Hz(100)},   /* Normal */
    {FT890_AM_RX_MODES,     kHz(1)},    /* Fast */

    {FT890_FM_RX_MODES,     Hz(100)},   /* Normal */
    {FT890_FM_RX_MODES,     kHz(1)},    /* Fast */

    RIG_TS_END,

  },

    /* mode/filter list, .remember =  order matters! */
  .filters =            {
    {RIG_MODE_SSB,  kHz(2.2)},  /* standard SSB filter bandwidth */
    {RIG_MODE_CW,   kHz(2.2)},  /* normal CW filter */
    {RIG_MODE_CW,   kHz(0.5)},  /* CW filter with narrow selection (must be installed!) */
    {RIG_MODE_AM,   kHz(6)},    /* normal AM filter */
    {RIG_MODE_AM,   kHz(2.2)},  /* AM filter with narrow selection (SSB filter switched in) */
    {RIG_MODE_FM,   kHz(12)},   /* FM  */

    RIG_FLT_END,
  },

  .priv =               NULL,           /* private data FIXME: */

  .rig_init =           ft890_init,
  .rig_cleanup =        ft890_cleanup,
  .rig_open =           ft890_open,     /* port opened */
  .rig_close =          ft890_close,    /* port closed */

  .set_freq =           ft890_set_freq,
  .get_freq =           ft890_get_freq,
  .set_mode =           ft890_set_mode,
  .get_mode =           ft890_get_mode,
  .set_vfo =            ft890_set_vfo,
  .get_vfo =            ft890_get_vfo,
  .set_ptt =            ft890_set_ptt,
  .get_ptt =            ft890_get_ptt,
  .set_split_vfo =          ft890_set_split_vfo,
  .get_split_vfo =          ft890_get_split_vfo,
  .set_rit =            ft890_set_rit,
  .get_rit =            ft890_get_rit,
  .set_func =           ft890_set_func,
  .get_level =          ft890_get_level,
  .vfo_op =             ft890_vfo_op,
};


/*
 * ************************************
 *
 * Hamlib API functions
 *
 * ************************************
 */

/*
 * rig_init
 *
 */

static int ft890_init(RIG *rig) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  
  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)malloc(sizeof(struct ft890_priv_data));
  if (!priv)                       /* whoops! memory shortage! */
    return -RIG_ENOMEM;
  
  /*
   * Copy native cmd set to private cmd storage area 
   */
  memcpy(priv->pcs, ncmd, sizeof(ncmd));

  /* TODO: read pacing from preferences */
  priv->pacing = FT890_PACING_DEFAULT_VALUE; /* set pacing to minimum for now */
  priv->read_update_delay = FT890_DEFAULT_READ_TIMEOUT; /* set update timeout to safe value */
  priv->current_vfo =  RIG_VFO_MAIN;  /* default to whatever */
  rig->state.priv = (void *)priv;
  
  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_cleanup
 *
 * the serial port is closed by the frontend
 *
 */

static int ft890_cleanup(RIG *rig) {

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  
  if (rig->state.priv)
    free(rig->state.priv);
  rig->state.priv = NULL;
  
  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_open
 * 
 */

static int ft890_open(RIG *rig) {
  struct rig_state *rig_s;
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  int err;
 
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;
  rig_s = &rig->state;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: write_delay = %i msec\n",
            __func__, rig_s->rigport.write_delay);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: post_write_delay = %i msec\n",
            __func__, rig_s->rigport.post_write_delay);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: read pacing = %i\n", __func__, priv->pacing);

  err = ft890_send_dynamic_cmd(rig, FT890_NATIVE_PACING,
                               priv->pacing, 0, 0, 0);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_close
 * 
 */

static int ft890_close(RIG *rig) {

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_set_freq
 *
 * Set frequency for a given VFO
 *
 * If vfo is set to RIG_VFO_CUR then vfo from priv_data is used.
 * If vfo differs from stored value then VFO will be set to the
 * passed vfo.
 *
 */

static int ft890_set_freq(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, freq_t freq) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed freq = %"PRIfreq" Hz\n", __func__, freq);

  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: priv->current_vfo = 0x%02x\n",
              __func__, vfo);
  } else if (vfo != priv->current_vfo) {
    /* force a VFO change if requested vfo value differs from stored value */
    err = ft890_set_vfo(rig, vfo);
    if (err != RIG_OK)
      return err;
  }

  err = ft890_send_dial_freq(rig, FT890_NATIVE_FREQ_SET, freq);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_get_freq
 *
 * Return Freq for a given VFO
 *
 */

static int ft890_get_freq(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, freq_t *freq) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char *p;
  unsigned char offset;
  freq_t f;
  int err, cmd_index, count;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  
  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    err = ft890_get_vfo(rig, &priv->current_vfo);
    if (err != RIG_OK)
      return err;
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: priv->current_vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  }

  switch(vfo) {
  case RIG_VFO_A:
  case RIG_VFO_VFO:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_DATA;
    offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_A_FREQ;
    count = FT890_VFO_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_B:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_DATA;
    offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_B_FREQ;
    count = FT890_VFO_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_MEM:
  case RIG_VFO_MAIN:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_OP_DATA;
    offset = FT890_SUMO_DISPLAYED_FREQ;
    count = FT890_OP_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;         /* sorry, wrong VFO */
  }
  err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, cmd_index, count);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;
  p = &priv->update_data[offset];

  /* big endian integer */
  f = ((((p[0]<<8) + p[1])<<8) + p[2]) * 10;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: freq = %"PRIfreq" Hz for vfo 0x%02x\n", __func__, f, vfo);

  *freq = f;                    /* return displayed frequency */

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_set_mode
 *
 * set mode and passband: eg AM, CW etc for a given VFO
 *
 * If vfo is set to RIG_VFO_CUR then vfo from priv_data is used.
 *
 */

static int ft890_set_mode(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, rmode_t mode,
                          pbwidth_t width ) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char mode_parm;      /* mode parameter */
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed mode = %i\n", __func__, mode);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed width = %li Hz\n",
            __func__, width);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: priv->current_vfo  = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  }

  /* translate mode from generic to ft890 specific */
  switch(vfo) {
  case RIG_VFO_A:               /* force to VFO */
  case RIG_VFO_VFO:
    err = ft890_set_vfo(rig, RIG_VFO_A);
    if (err != RIG_OK)
      return err;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_B:
    err = ft890_set_vfo(rig, RIG_VFO_B);
    if (err != RIG_OK)
      return err;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_MEM:             /* MEM TUNE or user doesn't care */
  case RIG_VFO_MAIN:
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;       /* sorry, wrong VFO */
  }

  switch(mode) {
  case RIG_MODE_AM:
    mode_parm = MODE_SET_AM_W;
    break;
  case RIG_MODE_CW:
    mode_parm = MODE_SET_CW_W;
    break;
  case RIG_MODE_USB:
    mode_parm = MODE_SET_USB;
    break;
  case RIG_MODE_LSB:
    mode_parm = MODE_SET_LSB;
    break;
  case RIG_MODE_FM:
    mode_parm = MODE_SET_FM;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;       /* sorry, wrong MODE */
  }

  /*
   * Now set width (shamelessly stolen from ft847.c and then butchered :)
   * The FT-890 only supports narrow width in AM and CW modes
   *
   */
  if (width == rig_passband_narrow(rig, mode)) {
    switch(mode) {
    case RIG_MODE_CW:
      mode_parm = MODE_SET_CW_N;
      break;
    case RIG_MODE_AM:
      mode_parm = MODE_SET_AM_N;
      break;
    default:
      return -RIG_EINVAL; /* Invalid mode, how can caller know? */
    }
  } else {
    if (width != RIG_PASSBAND_NORMAL &&
        width != rig_passband_normal(rig, mode)) {
      return -RIG_EINVAL; /* Invalid width, how can caller know? */
    }
  }

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set mode_parm = 0x%02x\n", __func__, mode_parm);

  err = ft890_send_dynamic_cmd(rig, FT890_NATIVE_MODE_SET,
                               mode_parm, 0, 0, 0);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;                /* good */
}


/*
 * rig_get_mode
 *
 * get mode eg AM, CW etc for a given VFO
 *
 */

static int ft890_get_mode(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, rmode_t *mode, pbwidth_t *width) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char my_mode, m_offset;    /* ft890 mode, mode offset */
  unsigned char flag, f_offset;       /* CW/AM narrow flag */
  int err, cmd_index, norm, count;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: priv->current_vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  }

  switch(vfo) {
  case RIG_VFO_A:
  case RIG_VFO_VFO:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_DATA;
    m_offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_A_MODE;
    f_offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_A_FLAG;
    count = FT890_VFO_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_B:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_DATA;
    m_offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_B_MODE;
    f_offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_B_FLAG;
    count = FT890_VFO_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_MEM:
  case RIG_VFO_MAIN:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_OP_DATA;
    m_offset = FT890_SUMO_DISPLAYED_MODE;
    f_offset = FT890_SUMO_DISPLAYED_FLAG;
    count = FT890_OP_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, cmd_index, count);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  my_mode = MODE_MASK & priv->update_data[m_offset];
  flag = FLAG_MASK & priv->update_data[f_offset];


  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: mode = 0x%02x\n", __func__, mode);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: flag = 0x%02x\n", __func__, flag);

  /*
   * translate mode from ft890 to generic.
   */
  switch(my_mode) {
  case MODE_LSB:
    *mode = RIG_MODE_LSB;
    norm = TRUE;
    break;
  case MODE_USB:
    *mode = RIG_MODE_USB;
    norm = TRUE;
    break;
  case MODE_CW:
    *mode = RIG_MODE_CW;
    if (flag & FLAG_CW_N) {
      norm = FALSE;
    } else {
      norm = TRUE;
    }
    break;
  case MODE_AM:
    *mode = RIG_MODE_AM;
    if (flag & FLAG_AM_N) {
      norm = FALSE;
    } else {
      norm = TRUE;
    }
    break;
  case MODE_FM:
    *mode = RIG_MODE_FM;
    norm = TRUE;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;         /* Oops! file bug report */
  }

  if (norm) {
    *width = rig_passband_normal(rig, *mode);
  } else {
    *width = rig_passband_narrow(rig, *mode);
  }

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set mode = %i\n", __func__, *mode);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set width = %li Hz\n", __func__, *width);

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_set_vfo
 *
 * set vfo and store requested vfo for later RIG_VFO_CURR
 * requests.
 *
 */

static int ft890_set_vfo(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char cmd_index;      /* index of sequence to send */
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  
  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: priv->current_vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  }

  /* FIXME: Include support for RIG_VFO_MAIN */
  switch(vfo) {
  case RIG_VFO_A:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_A;
    priv->current_vfo = vfo;    /* update active VFO */
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_B:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_B;
    priv->current_vfo = vfo;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_MEM:
    /* reset to memory channel stored by previous get_vfo
     * The recall mem channel command uses 0x01 though 0x20
     */
    err = ft890_send_dynamic_cmd(rig, FT890_NATIVE_RECALL_MEM,
                                 (priv->current_mem + 1), 0, 0, 0);
    if (err != RIG_OK)
      return err;

    priv->current_vfo = vfo;

    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set mem channel = 0x%02x\n",
              __func__, priv->current_mem);
    return RIG_OK;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;         /* sorry, wrong VFO */
  }

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set cmd_index = %i\n", __func__, cmd_index);
  
  err = ft890_send_static_cmd(rig, cmd_index);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_get_vfo
 *
 * get current RX vfo/mem and store requested vfo for
 * later RIG_VFO_CURR requests plus pass the tested vfo/mem
 * back to the frontend.
 *
 */

static int ft890_get_vfo(RIG *rig, vfo_t *vfo) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char status_0;           /* ft890 status flag 0 */
  unsigned char stat_vfo, stat_mem; /* status tests */
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  
  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  /* Get flags for VFO status */
  err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, FT890_NATIVE_READ_FLAGS,
                              FT890_STATUS_FLAGS_LENGTH);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;
  
  status_0 = priv->update_data[FT890_SUMO_DISPLAYED_STATUS_0];
  stat_vfo = status_0 & SF_VFO_MASK;    /* get VFO active bits */
  stat_mem = status_0 & SF_MEM_MASK;    /* get MEM active bits */

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: vfo status_0 = 0x%02x\n", __func__, status_0);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: stat_vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, stat_vfo);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: stat_mem = 0x%02x\n", __func__, stat_mem);

  /* 
   * translate vfo and mem status from ft890 to generic.
   *
   * First a test is made on bits 6 and 7 of status_0.  Bit 7 is set
   * when FT-890 is in VFO mode on display.  Bit 6 is set when VFO B
   * is active and cleared when VFO A is active.
   *
   * Conversely, bit 7 is cleared when MEM or MEM TUNE mode is selected
   * Bit 6 still follows last selected VFO (A or B), but this is not
   * tested right now.
   */
  switch (stat_vfo) {
  case SF_VFOA:
    *vfo = RIG_VFO_A;
    priv->current_vfo = RIG_VFO_A;
    break;
  case SF_VFOB:
    *vfo = RIG_VFO_B;
    priv->current_vfo = RIG_VFO_B;
    break;
  default:
    switch (stat_mem) {
    case SF_MT:
    case SF_MR:
      *vfo = RIG_VFO_MEM;
      priv->current_vfo = RIG_VFO_MEM;

      /*
       * Per Hamlib policy capture and store memory channel number
       * for future set_vfo command.
       */
      err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, FT890_NATIVE_MEM_CHNL,
                                  FT890_MEM_CHNL_LENGTH);
      if (err != RIG_OK)
        return err;

      priv->current_mem = priv->update_data[FT890_SUMO_MEM_CHANNEL];

      rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: stored mem channel = 0x%02x\n",
                __func__, priv->current_mem);
      break;
    default:                      /* Oops! */
      return -RIG_EINVAL;         /* sorry, wrong current VFO */
    }
  }
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, *vfo);

  return RIG_OK;

}


/*
 * rig_set_ptt
 *
 * set the '890 into TX mode
 *
 * vfo is respected by calling ft890_set_vfo if
 * passed vfo != priv->current_vfo
 *
 */

static int ft890_set_ptt(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, ptt_t ptt) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char cmd_index;
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed ptt = 0x%02x\n", __func__, ptt);

  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: priv->current_vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  } else if (vfo != priv->current_vfo) {
    ft890_set_vfo(rig, vfo);
  }

  switch (ptt) {
  case RIG_PTT_OFF:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_PTT_OFF;
    break;
  case RIG_PTT_ON:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_PTT_ON;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;         /* wrong PTT state! */
  }

  err = ft890_send_static_cmd(rig, cmd_index);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_get_ptt
 *
 * get current PTT status
 *
 */

static int ft890_get_ptt(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, ptt_t *ptt) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char status_2;           /* ft890 status flag 2 */
  unsigned char stat_ptt;           /* status tests */
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  
  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  /* Get flags for VFO status */
  err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, FT890_NATIVE_READ_FLAGS,
                              FT890_STATUS_FLAGS_LENGTH);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;
  
  status_2 = priv->update_data[FT890_SUMO_DISPLAYED_STATUS_2];
  stat_ptt = status_2 & SF_PTT_MASK;    /* get PTT active bit */

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: ptt status_2 = 0x%02x\n", __func__, status_2);

  switch (stat_ptt) {
  case SF_PTT_OFF:
    *ptt = RIG_PTT_OFF;
    break;
  case SF_PTT_ON:
    *ptt = RIG_PTT_ON;
    break;
  default:                      /* Oops! */
    return -RIG_EINVAL;         /* Invalid PTT bit?! */
  }

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_set_split_vfo
 *
 * set the '890 into split TX/RX mode
 *
 * VFO cannot be set as the set split on command only changes the
 * TX to the other VFO.  Setting split off returns the TX to the
 * main display.
 *
 */

static int ft890_set_split_vfo(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, split_t split, vfo_t tx_vfo) {
  unsigned char cmd_index;
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed split = 0x%02x\n", __func__, split);
  
  switch(split) {
  case RIG_SPLIT_OFF:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_SPLIT_OFF;
    break;
  case RIG_SPLIT_ON:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_SPLIT_ON;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  err = ft890_send_static_cmd(rig, cmd_index);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_get_split_vfo
 *
 * Get whether the '890 is in split mode
 *
 * vfo value is not used
 *
 */

static int ft890_get_split_vfo(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, split_t *split, vfo_t *tx_vfo) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char status_0;
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  /* Get flags for VFO split status */
  err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, FT890_NATIVE_READ_FLAGS,
                              FT890_STATUS_FLAGS_LENGTH);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  /* get Split active bit */
  status_0 = SF_SPLIT & priv->update_data[FT890_SUMO_DISPLAYED_STATUS_0];

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: split status_0 = 0x%02x\n", __func__, status_0);

  switch (status_0) {
  case SF_SPLIT:
    *split = RIG_SPLIT_ON;
    break;
  default:
    *split = RIG_SPLIT_OFF;
    break;
  }

    return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_set_rit
 *
 * VFO and MEM rit values are independent.
 *
 * passed vfo value is respected.
 *
 * Clarifier offset is retained in the rig for either VFO when the
 * VFO is changed.  Offset is not retained when in memory tune mode
 * and VFO mode is selected or another memory channel is selected.
 *
 */

static int ft890_set_rit(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, shortfreq_t rit) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
//  unsigned char offset;
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  if (rit < -9990 || rit > 9990)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed rit = %li\n", __func__, rit);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  /*
   * The assumption here is that the user hasn't changed
   * the VFO manually.  Does it really need to be checked
   * every time?  My goal is to reduce the traffic on the
   * serial line to a minimum, but respect the application's
   * request to change the VFO with this call.
   *
   */
  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous rig_get_vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: priv->current_vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  } else if (vfo != priv->current_vfo) {
    ft890_set_vfo(rig, vfo);
  }

  /*
   * Shuts clarifier off but does not set frequency to 0 Hz
   */
  if (rit == 0) {
    err = ft890_send_dynamic_cmd(rig, FT890_NATIVE_CLARIFIER_OPS,
                                 CLAR_RX_OFF, 0, 0, 0);
    return RIG_OK;
  }

  /*
   * Clarifier must first be turned on then the frequency can
   * be set, +9990 Hz to -9990 Hz
   */
  err = ft890_send_dynamic_cmd(rig, FT890_NATIVE_CLARIFIER_OPS,
                               CLAR_RX_ON, 0, 0, 0);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

    err = ft890_send_rit_freq(rig, FT890_NATIVE_CLARIFIER_OPS, rit);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_get_rit
 *
 * Rig returns offset as hex from 0x0000 to 0x03e7 for 0 to +9.990 kHz
 * and 0xffff to 0xfc19 for -1 to -9.990 kHz
 *
 */

static int ft890_get_rit(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, shortfreq_t *rit) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char *p;
  unsigned char offset;
  shortfreq_t f;
  int err, cmd_index, length;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  if (vfo == RIG_VFO_CURR) {
    vfo = priv->current_vfo;    /* from previous vfo cmd */
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: priv->current_vfo = 0x%02x\n", __func__, vfo);
  }

  switch(vfo) {
  case RIG_VFO_MEM:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_OP_DATA;
    offset = FT890_SUMO_DISPLAYED_CLAR;
    length = FT890_OP_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_A:
  case RIG_VFO_VFO:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_DATA;
    offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_A_CLAR;
    length = FT890_VFO_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  case RIG_VFO_B:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_VFO_DATA;
    offset = FT890_SUMO_VFO_B_CLAR;
    length = FT890_VFO_DATA_LENGTH;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set cmd_index = %i\n", __func__, cmd_index);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: set offset = 0x%02x\n", __func__, offset);

  err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, cmd_index, length);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  p = &priv->update_data[offset];

  /* big endian integer */
  f = (p[0]<<8) + p[1];         /* returned value is hex to nearest hundred Hz */
  if (f > 0xfc18)               /* 0xfc19 to 0xffff is negative offset */
    f = ~(0xffff - f);

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: read freq = %li Hz\n", __func__, f * 10);

  *rit = f * 10;                /* store clarifier frequency */

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_set_func
 *
 * set the '890 supported functions
 *
 * vfo is ignored for tuner as it is an independent function
 *
 */

static int ft890_set_func(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, setting_t func, int status) {
  int err, cmd_index;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed func = 0x%02x\n", __func__, func);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed status = %i\n", __func__, status);

  switch (func) {
  case RIG_FUNC_TUNER:
    switch (status) {
    case OFF:
      cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_TUNER_OFF;
      break;
    case ON:
      cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_TUNER_ON;
      break;
    default:
      return -RIG_EINVAL;
    }
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  err = ft890_send_static_cmd(rig, cmd_index);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_get_level
 *
 * get the '890 meter level
 *
 * vfo is ignored for now
 *
 * Meter level returned from FT-890 is S meter when rig is in RX
 * Meter level returned is one of ALC or PO or SWR when rig is in TX
 * depending on front panel meter selection.  Meter selection is NOT
 * available via CAT.
 *
 * TODO: Add support for TX values
 *
 */

static int ft890_get_level(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, setting_t level, value_t *val) {
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char *p;
  int err;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed level = 0x%02x\n", __func__, level);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;

  switch (level) {
  case RIG_LEVEL_STRENGTH:
    err = ft890_get_update_data(rig, FT890_NATIVE_READ_METER,
                                FT890_STATUS_FLAGS_LENGTH);
    if (err != RIG_OK)
      return err;
  
    p = &priv->update_data[FT890_SUMO_METER];
  
    /*
     * My FT-890 returns a range of 0x00 to 0x44 for S0 to S9 and 0x44 to
     * 0x9d for S9 to S9 +60
     *
     * For ease of calculation I rounded S9 up to 0x48 (72 decimal) and
     * S9 +60 up to 0xa0 (160 decimal).  I calculated a divisor for readings
     * less than S9 by dividing 72 by 54 and the divisor for readings greater
     * than S9 by dividing 88 (160 - 72) by 60.  The result tracks rather well.
     *
     * The greatest error is around S1 and S2 and then from S9 to S9 +35.  Such
     * is life when mapping non-linear S-meters to a linear scale.
     *
     */
    if (*p > 160) {
      val->i = 60;
    } else  if (*p <= 72) {
      val->i = ((72 - *p) / 1.3333) * -1;
    } else {
      val->i = ((*p - 72) / 1.4667);
    }
  
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: calculated level = %i\n", __func__, val->i);

    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * rig_vfo_op
 *
 * VFO operations--tuner start, etc
 *
 * vfo is ignored for now
 *
 */

static int ft890_vfo_op(RIG *rig, vfo_t vfo, vfo_op_t op) {
  int err, cmd_index;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed op = 0x%02x\n", __func__, op);

  switch (op) {
  case RIG_OP_TUNE:
    cmd_index = FT890_NATIVE_TUNER_START;
    break;
  default:
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  err = ft890_send_static_cmd(rig, cmd_index);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * ************************************
 *
 * Private functions to ft890 backend
 *
 * ************************************
 */


/*
 * Private helper function. Retrieves update data from rig.
 * using pacing value and buffer indicated in *priv struct.
 * Extended to be command agnostic as 890 has several ways to
 * get data and several ways to return it.
 *
 * Need to use this when doing ft890_get_* stuff
 *
 * Arguments:   *rig    Valid RIG instance
 *              ci      command index
 *              rl      expected length of returned data in octets
 *
 * Returns:     RIG_OK if all called functions are successful,
 *              otherwise returns error from called functiion
 */

static int ft890_get_update_data(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci, unsigned char rl) {
  struct rig_state *rig_s;
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  int n, err;                       /* for read_  */

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  
  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;
  rig_s = &rig->state;

  err = ft890_send_static_cmd(rig, ci);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  n = read_block(&rig_s->rigport, (char *) priv->update_data, rl);
  if (n < 0)
    return n;                   /* die returning read_block error */

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: read %i bytes\n", __func__, n);

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * Private helper function to send a complete command sequence.
 *
 * TODO: place variant of this in yaesu.c
 *
 * Arguments:   *rig    Valid RIG instance
 *              ci      Command index of the pcs struct
 *
 * Returns:     RIG_OK if all called functions are successful,
 *              otherwise returns error from called functiion
 */

static int ft890_send_static_cmd(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci) {
  struct rig_state *rig_s;
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  int err;
 
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;
  rig_s = &rig->state;
  
  if (!priv->pcs[ci].ncomp) {
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: Attempt to send incomplete sequence\n", __func__);
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  err = write_block(&rig_s->rigport, (char *) priv->pcs[ci].nseq,
                    YAESU_CMD_LENGTH);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * Private helper function to build and then send a complete command
 * sequence.
 *
 * TODO: place variant of this in yaesu.c
 *
 * Arguments:   *rig    Valid RIG instance
 *              ci      Command index of the pcs struct
 *              p1-p4   Command parameters
 *
 * Returns:     RIG_OK if all called functions are successful,
 *              otherwise returns error from called functiion
 */

static int ft890_send_dynamic_cmd(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci,
                                  unsigned char p1, unsigned char p2,
                                  unsigned char p3, unsigned char p4) {
  struct rig_state *rig_s;
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  int err;
 
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed ci = %i\n", __func__, ci);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: passed p1 = 0x%02x, p2 = 0x%02x, p3 = 0x%02x, p4 = 0x%02x,\n",
            __func__, p1, p2, p3, p4);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;
  if (priv->pcs[ci].ncomp) {
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: Attempt to modify complete sequence\n", __func__);
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  rig_s = &rig->state;
  memcpy(&priv->p_cmd, &ncmd[ci].nseq, YAESU_CMD_LENGTH);

  priv->p_cmd[P1] = p1;         /* ick */
  priv->p_cmd[P2] = p2;
  priv->p_cmd[P3] = p3;
  priv->p_cmd[P4] = p4;

  err = write_block(&rig_s->rigport, (char *) &priv->p_cmd,
                    YAESU_CMD_LENGTH);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * Private helper function to build and send a complete command to
 * change the display frequency.
 *
 * TODO: place variant of this in yaesu.c
 *
 * Arguments:   *rig    Valid RIG instance
 *              ci      Command index of the pcs struct
 *              freq    freq_t frequency value
 *
 * Returns:     RIG_OK if all called functions are successful,
 *              otherwise returns error from called functiion
 */

static int ft890_send_dial_freq(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci, freq_t freq) {
  struct rig_state *rig_s;
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  int err;
 
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed ci = %i\n", __func__, ci);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed freq = %"PRIfreq" Hz\n", __func__, freq);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;
  if (priv->pcs[ci].ncomp) {
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: Attempt to modify complete sequence\n", __func__);
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  rig_s = &rig->state;

  /* Copy native cmd freq_set to private cmd storage area */
  memcpy(&priv->p_cmd, &ncmd[ci].nseq, YAESU_CMD_LENGTH);

  /* store bcd format in in p_cmd */
  to_bcd(priv->p_cmd, freq/10, FT890_BCD_DIAL);

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: requested freq after conversion = %"PRIll" Hz\n",
            __func__, from_bcd(priv->p_cmd, FT890_BCD_DIAL)* 10);

  err = write_block(&rig_s->rigport, (char *) &priv->p_cmd,
                    YAESU_CMD_LENGTH);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}


/*
 * Private helper function to build and send a complete command to
 * change the RIT frequency.
 *
 * TODO: place variant of this in yaesu.c
 *
 * Arguments:   *rig    Valid RIG instance
 *              ci      Command index of the pcs struct
 *              rit     shortfreq_t frequency value
 *              p1      P1 value -- CLAR_SET_FREQ
 *              p2      P2 value -- CLAR_OFFSET_PLUS || CLAR_OFFSET_MINUS
 *
 * Returns:     RIG_OK if all called functions are successful,
 *              otherwise returns error from called functiion
 *
 * Assumes:     rit doesn't exceed tuning limits of rig
 */

static int ft890_send_rit_freq(RIG *rig, unsigned char ci, shortfreq_t rit) {
  struct rig_state *rig_s;
  struct ft890_priv_data *priv;
  unsigned char p1;
  unsigned char p2;
  int err;
 
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_VERBOSE, "%s called\n", __func__);

  if (!rig)
    return -RIG_EINVAL;

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed ci = %i\n", __func__, ci);
  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE, "%s: passed rit = %li Hz\n", __func__, rit);

  priv = (struct ft890_priv_data *)rig->state.priv;
  if (priv->pcs[ci].ncomp) {
    rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
              "%s: Attempt to modify complete sequence\n", __func__);
    return -RIG_EINVAL;
  }

  rig_s = &rig->state;

  p1 = CLAR_SET_FREQ;

  if (rit < 0) {
    rit = labs(rit);            /* get absolute value of rit */
    p2 = CLAR_OFFSET_MINUS;
  } else {
    p2 = CLAR_OFFSET_PLUS;
  }

  /* Copy native cmd clarifier ops to private cmd storage area */
  memcpy(&priv->p_cmd, &ncmd[ci].nseq, YAESU_CMD_LENGTH);

  /* store bcd format in in p_cmd */
  to_bcd(priv->p_cmd, rit/10, FT890_BCD_RIT);

  rig_debug(RIG_DEBUG_TRACE,
            "%s: requested rit after conversion = %li Hz\n",
            __func__, from_bcd(priv->p_cmd, FT890_BCD_RIT)* 10);

  priv->p_cmd[P1] = p1;         /* ick */
  priv->p_cmd[P2] = p2;

  err = write_block(&rig_s->rigport, (char *) &priv->p_cmd,
                    YAESU_CMD_LENGTH);
  if (err != RIG_OK)
    return err;

  return RIG_OK;
}



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